Maruti Suzuki WagonR-Crash Test
Image Source : GlobalNcap

India’s Bharat New Car Assessment Programme (BNCAP) will launch on October 1, 2023, to improve car safety standards. The program will assign star ratings from 1 to 5, evaluating factors such as structural safety, occupant protection, pedestrian-friendly design, and safety assist technologies. BNCAP aims to enhance safety in the Indian automotive industry and empower consumers with transparent information for informed vehicle selection.


BNCAP Parameters and Testing:

The BNCAP rating will be based on multiple factors, including the structural safety of cars, safety of adult and child occupants, assessment of pedestrian-friendly design, and the provision of safety assist technologies. The testing protocol will align with global crash-test norms, considering existing Indian regulations. The Automotive Research Association of India (ARAI) will serve as the testing agency for BNCAP, utilizing its fully equipped laboratories to conduct crash tests.

Scope and Implementation:

BNCAP will apply to motor vehicles in India with a gross vehicle weight under 3.5 tonnes and up to eight seats in category M1. While initially voluntary, original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) will be encouraged to submit samples for testing, and the testing agency will have the flexibility to collect vehicles from showrooms. Implementing BNCAP norms aims to improve vehicle safety and empower consumers to make informed decisions about safer vehicles.

Benefits for Indian Automakers:

The introduction of BNCAP will benefit Indian automakers by eliminating the need to send vehicle samples abroad for testing and star grading, thereby reducing costs. It will also enhance the export-worthiness of Indian automobiles. The ratings will promote the development of in-built safety measures in vehicles, ensuring that manufacturers prioritize safety standards.

Inclusive Testing Approach:

– BNCAP will assess vehicles powered by CNG and EVs, going beyond traditional crash tests.
– CNG and EV vehicles will be evaluated based on their crash performance, filling a gap in global NCAP formats.
– BNCAP will provide a unified rating for both adult and child protection, unlike other NCAP systems that have separate ratings for each.
– This inclusive approach ensures that the testing and rating of alternative fuel vehicles adequately assess their safety.
– BNCAP’s evaluation of CNG and EV vehicles reflects the growing importance of sustainable transportation and safety in India.

Future Implications:

The introduction of BNCAP reflects a growing consciousness regarding safety norms in the Indian automotive industry. It aligns with customers’ increasing demand for safer vehicles and creates an opportunity for manufacturers to improve their safety standards. By incorporating global benchmark testing protocols, BNCAP aims to bolster the overall safety culture in India. Additionally, the program strives to align with international standards, fostering a safer environment for road users.

The Bharat New Car Assessment Programme (BNCAP) is set to revolutionize the car safety rating system in India. With its comprehensive evaluation parameters and alignment with global crash-test norms,it will play a vital role in improving the safety standards of vehicles in the country. By offering transparent and easily accessible ratings, consumers will have the information necessary to make informed decisions about purchasing safer cars. BNCAP will undoubtedly contribute to a safer and more secure road environment in India.



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